What are the treatment options for vaginismus?

Vaginismus is a complex condition that can significantly impact a person's quality of life and intimate relationships. It can be a challenging condition to navigate and often individuals have to seek numerous health care provides before finding an appropriate solution to their pain. In this article, we'll explore common questions about vaginismus and discuss various treatment approaches, including pelvic floor physiotherapy, pelvic floor wands, dilators, breath work, and mobility exercises.

What is vaginismus?

Vaginismus is a condition characterized by involuntary muscle spasms in the pelvic floor muscles, specifically the muscles surrounding the vagina. These spasms can make penetration painful or impossible, affecting sexual intercourse, gynecological exams, and even tampon insertion.

What causes vaginismus?

The causes of vaginismus can vary from person to person and may include psychological factors such as anxiety, past trauma or negative sexual experiences, as well as physical factors like infections, hormonal imbalances, or pelvic floor dysfunction.

What are the symptoms of vaginismus?

Symptoms of vaginismus can include pain or discomfort during penetration, tightness or burning sensations in the vaginal area, avoidance of sexual activity, and difficulty or inability to insert tampons or undergo gynecological exams.

Is vaginismus curable?

Yes, vaginismus is treatable, and many individuals find relief with appropriate interventions. However, the success of treatment depends on various factors, including the underlying causes, the severity of symptoms, and the individual's commitment to therapy.

How is vaginismus diagnosed?

Diagnosing vaginismus typically involves a comprehensive assessment by a healthcare provider, which may include a physical examination, medical history review, and discussions about symptoms and sexual experiences.

Treatment Options for Vaginismus:

  1. Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy: Pelvic floor physiotherapy is a non-invasive and highly effective treatment for vaginismus. Pelvic floor physiotherapists are trained to assess and address pelvic floor dysfunction, including muscle tension and spasms. Treatment may involve manual therapy techniques, biofeedback, and exercises to improve muscle control and relaxation. To find a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist near you, visit our practitioner locator.

  2. Pelvic Floor Wand: Pelvic floor wands can be valuable tools for individuals with vaginismus. These wands are designed to facilitate pelvic floor relaxation and desensitization through gentle massage and pressure techniques. Explore our collection of pelvic floor wands to find options tailored to your needs.

  3. Dilators: Vaginal dilators are cylindrical devices used to gradually stretch and relax the vaginal muscles. They come in various sizes, allowing individuals to progress at their own pace. Our range of vaginal dilators provides safe and effective options for those seeking to overcome vaginismus and improve vaginal flexibility and comfort.

  4. Breathwork: Breathwork techniques can complement other treatments for vaginismus by promoting relaxation and reducing anxiety. Proper breathing techniques can help individuals manage pelvic floor tension and facilitate muscle relaxation during intercourse or pelvic floor exercises. Learn more about the relationship between breathing and pelvic floor relaxation in our dedicated breathwork blog post.

  5. Mobility Exercises: Incorporating mobility exercises into your routine can help improve pelvic floor function and alleviate muscle tightness associated with vaginismus. Gentle stretches, yoga poses, and pelvic floor exercises can promote circulation, flexibility, and muscle coordination in the pelvic region, contributing to overall pelvic health and well-being. You can find a range of free videos here. 

Living with vaginismus can be challenging, but it's essential to remember that effective treatment options are available. Whether you're exploring pelvic floor physiotherapy, using pelvic floor wands or dilators, practicing breathwork, or incorporating mobility exercises into your routine, know that support and resources are within reach.